如何配置nextCloud LDAP?

Cloud storage

1 基础知识

nextCloud企业化很重要的一步就是配置LDAP,这便于企业用户使用与登录系统相同的密码登录并使用应用。

2 最佳实践

2.1 环境概述

本章需要nexCloud环境,如果你尚未具备,烦请按如下章节配置,

如何部署CentOS 8.x nextCloud?


本章需要LDAP环境,如果你尚未具备,烦请按如下章节配置,

如何部署基于CentOS 6.x的389-DS服务?

2.3 理解LDAP客户端查询

In nexCloud Server,

2.3.1 安装ldap客户端

dnf install -y openldap-clients

2.3.2 使用客户端验证LDAP查询

ldapsearch -x -h 10.168.0.155 -p 389 -W -D "cn=Directory Manager" -b "ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org" "(objectclass=person)"
ldapsearch -x -h 10.168.0.155 -p 389 -W -D "cn=Directory Manager" -b "ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org" "(&(|(objectclass=person))(|(uid=myuid)(|(mailPrimaryAddress=myuid)(mail=myuid))))"

注:以上命令用于调试用户过滤规则,匹配成功后再在后面的步骤中使用

2.4 配置nextCloud的LDAP

2.4.1 启用ldap控件

sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ app:enable user_ldap

2.4.2 创建空配置

sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:create-empty-config

2.4.3 命令行配置LDAP

sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 hasMemberOfFilterSupport "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 homeFolderNamingRule ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 lastJpegPhotoLookup "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapAgentName "cn=Directory Manager"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapAgentPassword "***"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapAttributesForGroupSearch "deptname"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapAttributesForUserSearch "uid"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapBackupHost ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapBackupPort ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapBase "ou=DG,ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org;ou=HK,ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapBaseGroups "ou=DG,ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org;ou=HK,ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapBaseUsers "ou=DG,ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org;ou=HK,ou=people,dc=cmdschool,dc=org"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapCacheTTL "600"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapConfigurationActive "1"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapDefaultPPolicyDN ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapDynamicGroupMemberURL ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapEmailAttribute "mail"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapExperiencedAdmin "1"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapExpertUUIDGroupAttr ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapExpertUUIDUserAttr ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapExpertUsernameAttr "uid"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapExtStorageHomeAttribute ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapGidNumber "gidNumber"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapGroupDisplayName "cn"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapGroupFilter "(&((objectclass=person)))"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapGroupFilterGroups ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapGroupFilterMode "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapGroupFilterObjectclass "person"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapGroupMemberAssocAttr ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapHost "ldap://10.168.0.155"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapIgnoreNamingRules ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapLoginFilter "(&(objectclass=person)(|(uid=%uid)(mail=%uid)))"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapLoginFilterAttributes ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapLoginFilterEmail "1"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapLoginFilterMode "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapLoginFilterUsername "1"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapMatchingRuleInChainState "unknown"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapNestedGroups "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapOverrideMainServer ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapPagingSize "500"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapPort "389"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapQuotaAttribute ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapQuotaDefault "1G"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapTLS "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUserAvatarRule "default"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUserDisplayName "uid"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUserDisplayName2 "cn"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUserFilter "((objectclass=person))"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUserFilterGroups ""
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUserFilterMode "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUserFilterObjectclass "person"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUuidGroupAttribute "auto"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 ldapUuidUserAttribute "auto"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 turnOffCertCheck "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 turnOnPasswordChange "0"
sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:set-config s01 useMemberOfToDetectMembership "1"

以上设置只做参考,建议你使用界面配置完毕后使用以上命令行修正,然后你可以使用如下命令查看配置,

sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:show-config

2.4.4 测试LDAP配置

sudo -u apache php /var/www/nextcloud/occ ldap:test-config s01

可见如下提示,

The configuration is valid and the connection could be established!
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