如何熟悉华为网络设备的常用命令?

Huawei

这是以前工作总结出来的配置代码,当时是为了方便所带的人容易上手。
代码以交换为主,架构上分为核心层、分布层、接入层三层,部分相同的代码有简略。
简单的几条指令,你即可快速上手,在工作中即可应用。

#-----------虚拟接口---------------------------
#1)管理地址
interface Vlanif1
 description Management
 ip address 192.168.250.197 255.255.255.0
 dhcp select relay
 dhcp relay server-select dhcpgroup1
#
#2)核心交换虚拟网关接口
interface Vlanif2
 description Server
 ip address 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.0
#
interface Vlanif3
 description office
 ip address 192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0
 dhcp select relay
 dhcp relay server-select dhcpgroup1
#-----------Trunk------------------------------------
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/24
 port link-type trunk
 port trunk allow-pass vlan 2 to 100
 ntdp enable
 ndp enable
 bpdu enable
#-----------Eth Trunk-------------------------------
interface Eth-Trunk1
 port link-type trunk
 port trunk allow-pass vlan 2 to 4094
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1
 eth-trunk 1
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/2
 eth-trunk 1
#-----------IP ROUTE---------------------
1)核心交换静态路由
 ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.16.0.1
 ip route-static 1.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.9.101
 ip route-static 10.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 192.168.9.100
1)分布层接入层
ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.250.1
#-----------VLAN-----------------------------
vlan 1
 description Management
vlan 2
 description Server
vlan 3
 description office
interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/11
#-----------DHCP服务器声明-----------------------------
dhcp server group dhcpgroup1
 dhcp-server 192.168.1.250 0
#-----------Access Port------------------------------
#1)defaule
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1
 port link-type access
 port default vlan 3
 stp disable
 stp edged-port enable
 ntdp enable
 ndp enable
#2)POE config
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1
 port hybrid pvid vlan 2
 port hybrid tagged vlan 9 92
 port hybrid untagged vlan 2
 stp edged-port enable
 undo poe enable
#-----------认证---------------------------------------------------
#1)全局配置
 super password level 1 cipher ***
 super password level 2 cipher ***
 super password level 3 cipher ***
#2)Console配置
user-interface con 0
 authentication-mode password
 set authentication password cipher a:FL2/KX#^;Q=^Q`MAF4<1!!
 idle-timeout 5 0
#3)VTY配置
user-interface vty 0 4
 authentication-mode password
 idle-timeout 15 0
 user privilege level 3
#-----------STP---------------------------------------------------
#1)公共配置
 stp mode rstp
 stp enable
 stp pathcost-standard legacy
#2)核心层交换
 stp instance 0 root primary
 stp enable
#3)分布层交换
 stp instance 0 priority 8192
 stp enable
#4)接入层交换
 stp instance 0 priority 16384
 stp enable
 stp mode mstp
#5)接入端口配置
 stp edged-port enable
#-----------LLDP--------------------------------------------------
lldp enable
#-----------VRRP--------------------------------------------------
#1)Master交换机:
interface Vlanif1
 description Management
 ip address 192.168.250.250 255.255.255.0
 vrrp vrid 1 virtual-ip 192.168.250.1
 vrrp vrid 1 priority 120
 vrrp vrid 1 preempt-mode timer delay 20
#2)Slave交换机:
interface Vlanif1
 description Management
 ip address 192.168.250.251 255.255.255.0
 vrrp vrid 1 virtual-ip 192.168.250.1
#-----------SystemName------------------------------------------------------
systemname XXXX 192.168.2.X
#---------------------------------------------------------------
 storm-control broadcast min-rate 1000 max-rate 2000
 storm-control multicast min-rate 1000 max-rate 2000
 storm-control unicast min-rate 1000 max-rate 2000
 storm-control interval 90
 storm-control action block
 storm-control enable log
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