如何实现samba4的负载均衡群集?

Load balancing
4

1 架构简介

1.1 负载均衡器层

此层提供负载均衡的调度服务,把负载分派到各个文件系统服务器。

1.2 文件系统服务层

此层提供文件系统的存储、身份认证、权限控制等服务等,由基于Linux系统的Samba实现,结合AD提供的身份认证服务,可以提供与Windows一样的共享服务。

1.3 可扩展分布式存储层

此层为第一层提供可无限扩展的数据存取服务、Quota,由基于linux的GlusterFS群集实现,一共有4个节点。

1.4 集群工作流程分析

1)连接建立过程
step1 客户端访问负载均衡器的虚拟IP(10.10.2.90)
step2 负载均衡器检测到客户端访问请求的是虚拟IP的目标端口445/tcp或139/tcp
step3 负载均衡器将虚拟IP的MAC地址改为连接数最小的samba服务器MAC地址(ARP的解析过程)
step4 用户与连接数最小的samba服务器建立连接
2)数据上传过程
step1 用户上传文件到samba服务器且被samba服务器缓存在本地
step2 samba服务器将转存数据保存到后端存储层
3)数据读取过程
step1 用户到samba服务器取数据
step2 samba服务器从后端存储层将数据取出后再传送给用户

2 负载均衡器层

2.1 项目的简介

官方地址:
http://www.keepalived.org/

Keepalived的作用是检测服务器的状态,如果有一台文件服务器死机,或工作出现故障,Keepalived将检测到,并将有故障的服务器从系统中剔除,当服务器工作正常后Keepalived自动将服务器加入到服务器群中,这些工作全部自动完成,不需要人工干涉,需要人工做的只是修复故障的服务器。

2.2 工作原理

2.2.1 LVS的架构

1)调度层(Director):
2)集群层(Real Server)
3)共享层

2.2.2 LVS的三种工作模式

1)DR模式
– MAC层实现
– Director将请求的数据包目标MAC改为Real Server的MAC地址
– 数据直接返回客户端
2)NAT模式
– IP层实现
– Director将请求的目标IP改为Real Server的IP
– 数据返回在Director将源IP还原
3)TUN模式
– 类似于VPN实现
– Director建立加密IP隧道转发到Real Server
– 数据直接返回客户端

2.2.3 LVS的IP分类

1)VIP(Virtual IP)
– VIP每台机都需要配置
– IP用于内网通讯并对外提供服务
2)DIP(Driector IP)
– DIP设置于Driector服务器
– 分内外网IP,内网IP用于内部通讯,外网IP用于NAT模式的外网
3)RIP(Real IP)
– RIP设置于Real服务器
– 只有内网IP,IP只用于内网通讯

2.2.4 LVS的调度算法

1)轮叫调度(Round Robin,简称RR)
2)加权轮叫(Weighted Round Robin,简称WRR)
3)最少链接(Least Connection,简称LC)
4)加权最少链接(Weighted Least Conncetions,简称WLC)

2.3 Keeplived的配置

2.3.1 环境配置

KeepLive{1-2}
hostname=Keeplive{1-2}.cmdschool.org
ipaddress=10.168.0.9{0-1}
OS=CentOS 6.8

2.3.2 配置NTP

In KeepLive{1-2} :
1)安装ntp的相关包

yum install -y chrony

2)指定内网的NTP服务器

vim /etc/chrony.conf

更改如下配置:

#server 0.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
#server 1.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
#server 2.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
#server 3.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 10.168.0.154 iburst

3)启动服务并配置开机自启动

/etc/init.d/chronyd start
chkconfig chronyd on

4)同步时间

chronyc sources

2.3.3 配置Keepalived服务

1)软件包安装
In KeepLive{1-2} :

yum install -y ipvsadm keepalived

2)配置主服务器
In KeepLive{1-2} :

cp /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf.default
echo "" > /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf

配置如下:
In KeepLive1 :

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER   #备用服务器上为 BACKUP
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100   #备用服务器上为90
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        10.168.0.90
    }
}

virtual_server 10.168.0.90 445 {
    delay_loop 6                  #(每隔6秒查询realserver状态)
    lb_algo wlc                   #(lvs 算法)
    lb_kind DR                    #(Direct Route)
    persistence_timeout 7200      #(同一IP的连接7200秒内被分配到同一台realserver)
    protocol TCP                  #(用TCP协议检查realserver状态)

    real_server 10.168.0.190 445 {
        weight 100               #(权重)
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10       #(10秒无响应超时)
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 445
        }
    }
    real_server 10.168.0.191 445 {
        weight 100
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 445
        }
    }
}

virtual_server 10.168.0.90 139 {
    delay_loop 6                  #(每隔6秒查询realserver状态)
    lb_algo wlc                   #(lvs 算法)
    lb_kind DR                    #(Direct Route)
    persistence_timeout 7200      #(同一IP的连接7200秒内被分配到同一台realserver)
    protocol TCP                  #(用TCP协议检查realserver状态)

    real_server 10.168.0.190 139 {
        weight 100               #(权重)
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10       #(10秒无响应超时)
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 139
        }
    }
    real_server 10.168.0.190 139 {
        weight 100
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 139
        }
    }
}

In KeepLive2 :

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state BACKUP  #主服务器上为 MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 90   #主服务器上为100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        10.168.0.90
    }
}

virtual_server 110.168.0.90 445 {
    delay_loop 6                  #(每隔6秒查询realserver状态)
    lb_algo wlc                   #(lvs 算法)
    lb_kind DR                    #(Direct Route)
    persistence_timeout 7200      #(同一IP的连接7200秒内被分配到同一台realserver)
    protocol TCP                  #(用TCP协议检查realserver状态)

    real_server 10.168.0.190 445 {
        weight 100               #(权重)
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10       #(10秒无响应超时)
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 445
        }
    }
    real_server 10.168.0.191 445 {
        weight 100
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 445
        }
    }
}

virtual_server 10.168.0.90 139 {
    delay_loop 6                  #(每隔6秒查询realserver状态)
    lb_algo wlc                   #(lvs 算法)
    lb_kind DR                    #(Direct Route)
    persistence_timeout 7200      #(同一IP的连接7200秒内被分配到同一台realserver)
    protocol TCP                  #(用TCP协议检查realserver状态)

    real_server 10.168.0.190 139 {
        weight 100               #(权重)
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10       #(10秒无响应超时)
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 139
        }
    }
    real_server 10.168.0.191 139 {
        weight 100
        TCP_CHECK {
        connect_timeout 10
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
        connect_port 139
        }
    }
}

3)启动服务并配置开机启动
In KeepLive{1-2} :

/etc/init.d/keepalived start
chkconfig keepalived on

2.3.4 配置路由转发

In KeepLive{1-2} :
1)临时开启路由转发

echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

2)永久开启路由转发

vim /etc/sysctl.conf

修改如下配置

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1

2.3.5 配置防火墙

In KeepLive{1-2} :

vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables

加入如下条目:

-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 139 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 445 -j ACCEPT

重启防火墙使配置生效

/etc/init.d/iptables restart

2.3.6 配置Real Server服务器

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :
1)编辑配置脚本

vim /usr/local/sbin/lvs_dr_rs.sh

输入如下内容:

#! /bin/bash
vip=10.168.0.90
ifconfig lo:0 $vip broadcast $vip netmask 255.255.255.255 up
route add -host $vip lo:0
echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
echo "2" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
echo "2" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce

2)执行配置脚本

sh /usr/local/sbin/lvs_dr_rs.sh
echo 'sh /usr/local/sbin/lvs_dr_rs.sh' >> /etc/rc.local

3 文件系统服务层

3.1 理论基础

3.1.1 samba的简介

https://www.samba.org

Samba是在Linux和UNIX系统上实现SMB协议的一个免费软件,由服务器及客户端程序构成。SMB(Server Messages Block,信息服务块)是一种在局域网上共享文件和打印机的一种通信协议,它为局域网内的不同计算机之间提供文件及打印机等资源的共享服务。SMB协议是客户机/服务器型协议,客户机通过该协议可以访问服务器上的共享文件系统、打印机及其他资源。通过设置“NetBIOS over TCP/IP”使得Samba不但能与局域网络主机分享资源,还能与全世界的电脑分享资源。

3.1.2 samba的起源

1991 年一个名叫Andrew Tridgwell 的大学生就有这样的困扰,他手上有三部机器,分别是跑DOS 的个人计算机、DEC公司的 Digital Unix 系统以及 Sun 的 Unix 系统。在当时,DEC 公司有发展出一套称为 PATHWORKS 的软件,这套软件可以用来分享 DEC 的Unix 与个人计算机的 DOS 这两个操作系统的档案数据,可惜让 Tridgwell 觉得较困扰的是,Sun的 Unix 无法藉由这个软件来达到数据分享的目的。这个时候 Tridgwell 就想说:『咦!既然这两部系统可以相互沟通,没道理Sun 就必需这么苦命吧?可不可以将这两部系统的运作原理找出来,然后让 Sun这部机器也能够分享档案数据呢?』,为了解决这样的的问题,这老兄就自行写了个program 去侦测当 DOS 与 DEC 的 Unix 系统在进行数据分享传送时所使用到的通讯协议信息,然后将这些重要的信息撷取下来,并且基于上述所找到的通讯协议而开发出ServerMessage Block (SMB) 这个档案系统,而就是这套 SMB软件能够让 Unix 与 DOS 互相的分享数据!( 注:再次的给他强调一次,在Unix Like 上面可以分享档案数据的 file system 是 NFS,那么在 Windows 上面使用的『网络邻居』所使用的档案系统则称为Common Internet File System, CIFS )

3.2 推荐配置

3.2.1 Windows Server 2008 R2 server

– Deploy Windows Server 2008 R2
– Configure Active Directory Domain Services

3.2.2 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 systems

– Deploy Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
– Configure SELinux Security Parameters
– Install/Configure Samba (Recommended Configurations 1, 2 only)
– Synchronize Time Services
– Configure DNS
– Install/Configure Kerberos Client
– Install oddjob-mkhomedir

3.3 Winbind Backends的分类

Backend Type ID Mappings Advantages Disadvantages
idmap_tdb Read/Write Allocating

(分配)

Simplest to implement

简单实现

Default winbind backend

默认的winbind后端

Limited scalability – not intended for consistent ID mappings across multiple RHEL servers

有限的伸缩性 – 没有专为跨多个RHEL服务器提供一致的ID映射

Cache corruption requires manual intervention to correct file ownership

缓存损坏需要手动介入去修正文件所有权

Static – 1 tdb entry for each SID(slower)

静态 – 为每一个SID配置1个tdb条目

idmap_rid Read-only Algorithmic

(算法)

User algorithmic ID mappings across multiple servers(faster)

用户通过算法将ID映射到多个服务器(快)

Requires additional configuration work to support a forest of AD domains or multiple domain trees

需要额外的配置工作去支持一个AD域的森林或多个域树

idmap_ad Read-only Assigned by admin

(由管理员指定)

Standardized user configuration (shell,home directory)

标准用户配置(shell,家目录)

Centralized user account managenment

集中式用户账号管理

Requires additional configuration work to support a forest of AD domains or multiple domain trees

需要额外的配置工作去支持一个AD域的森林或多个域树

Requires additional user management tasks – user/group ID attributes mustbe specified within AD

需要额外的用户管理任务 – 用户/组ID属性必须在AD内指定

idmap_ldap Read/Write Allocating

(分配)

ID mappings stored in centralized,non-AD server(RHDS,OpenLDAP,etc.)

ID映射集中存储在非AD服务器(RHDS,OpenLDAP,etc.)

Requires external LDAP server

需要外部的LDAP服务器

Most complex configuration to implement due to Samba LDAP mapping limitations(UID/GID not store at POSIX level)

最复杂的配置去实现Samba的LDAP映射限制(UID/GID不存储在POSIX级别)

idmap_adex Read-only Assigned by admin

(由管理员指定)

Supports ID mappings using RFC2307 attributes

支持使用RFC2307属性进行ID映射

Not recommended for new deplyments(deprecated by latest versions of Samba)

不推荐用于新的部署(Samba最新版不推荐使用)

idmap_hash Read-only Algorithmic

(算法)

Similar to idmap_rid but generates UID/GID from full domain SID

类似idmap_rid但是从全域SID生成UID/GID

Mappings consistent across RHEL systems

跨越RHEL系统的映射一致

No additional configuration but potential risk of ID collisions

没有额外的配置但存在ID冲突的风险

idmap_tdb2 Read/Write Allocating

(分配)

Script option availabel for performing ID mappings via an external program

脚本选项可以通过一个外部程序执行ID映射

For Samba clusters(CTDB) only

仅适用于Samba群集

idmap_nss Read-only Pre-existing

(预先存在的)

Uses existing UID/GID mappings

使用一个已存在的UID/GID映射

No support for trusted domains

不支持信任域

Can’t resolve mappings unless SID is available

不能解决映射除非SID是可用的

3.4 winbind

3.4.1 winbind的数据库

ll /var/lib/samba/winbindd_*.tdb

显示如下:

-rw-------. 1 root root  32768 Aug 10 01:12 /var/lib/samba/winbindd_cache.tdb
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 421888 Aug 10 00:46 /var/lib/samba/winbindd_idmap.tdb

3.4.2 数据库的查看

1)安装工具

yum install -y tdb-tools

2)使用工具

tdbdump /var/lib/samba/winbindd_idmap.tdb
tdbdump /var/lib/samba/winbindd_cache.tdb

3.5 环境配置

3.5.1 环境信息

ad1 server(信任dg.cmdschool.org):
hostname = rootad.cmdschool.org
ipaddress = 10.168.0.154
OS = window server 2008 R2

ad2 server(信任rootad.cmdschool.org):
hostname = dg.cmdschool.org
ipaddress = 10.168.0.155
OS = window server 2008 R2

samba server:
hostname = GlusterGW0{1-2}.cmdschoolo.org
ipaddress = 10.168.0.19{0-1}
OS = CentOS 6.8

3.5.2 部署Windows 2008 Server R2

详细请参阅:
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd283085.aspx

3.5.3 配置活动目录域服务

详细请参阅:
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc770946.aspx

3.5.4 配置分布式存储

由于samba本身并不支持群集,故此层是samba负载均衡成败的关键,故请务必注意:
1)扩展存储需要使用含Gluster 3.8及以上版本,
配置参阅:http://www.cmdschool.org/archives/92
2)分布式存储需要开启存储锁,
配置请参阅:http://www.cmdschool.org/archives/410
利用存储锁解决多台服务器之间Excel的独占编辑问题,防止多用户分布到不同的samba服务器同时编辑损坏文件。

3.6 基础配置

3.6.1 配置SElinux安全参数

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

setenforce 0
sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config

3.6.2 名称解析配置

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :
1)hosts配置

echo "10.168.0.190 GlusterGW01.cmdschool.org GlusterGW01" >> /etc/hosts
echo "10.168.0.191 GlusterGW02.cmdschool.org GlusterGW02" >> /etc/hosts
echo "10.168.0.192 GlusterH01.cmdschool.org" >> /etc/hosts
echo "10.168.0.193 GlusterH02.cmdschool.org" >> /etc/hosts
echo "10.168.0.194 GlusterH03.cmdschool.org" >> /etc/hosts
echo "10.168.0.195 GlusterH04.cmdschool.org" >> /etc/hosts

2)DNS服务器方式

echo "nameserver 10.168.0.154" >> /etc/resolv.conf
echo "search ad.cmdschool.org" >> /etc/resolv.conf

3.6.3 域服务器验证

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :
1)安装DNS工具套件

yum install -y bind-utils

2)输入如下命令测试

host -t A ad.cmdschool.org

3.6.4 NTP配置

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :
1)rpm包的安装

yum install -y chrony

2)配置NTP服务器

vim /etc/chrony.conf

指定内网的NTP服务器,更改如下配置

#server 0.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
#server 1.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
#server 2.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
#server 3.rhel.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 10.168.0.154 iburst

3)启动服务
并配置开机自启动

/etc/init.d/chronyd start
chkconfig chronyd on

4)同步时间

chronyc sources

3.6.5 配置yum源

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

yum install -y https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm
curl http://download.gluster.org/pub/gluster/glusterfs/3.7/LATEST/CentOS/glusterfs-epel.repo > /etc/yum.repos.d/glusterfs-epel.repo

3.6.6 配置防火墙

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

/etc/init.d/iptables stop
chkconfig iptables off

3.6.7 安装相关包

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :
1)安装相关包

yum -y install samba4 samba4-client samba4-common samba4-winbind samba4-winbind-clients

2)启动并校验服务

/etc/init.d/smb start
/etc/init.d/smb status
ps -aef | grep smb

3)配置服务开机自动启动

chkconfig smb on
chkconfig --list smb

3.7 配置文件系统服务

3.7.1 配置Kerberos服务端

In AD Server :
1)关闭UAC并重启系统

2)新建认证用户


注:账号只需要一个即可实现多台服务器认证
3)生成证书到D盘根目录
命令行范例

setspn -A host/client.ad.example.com@AD.EXAMPLE.COM client
setspn -L client
ktpass /princ host/client.ad.example.com@AD.EXAMPLE.COM /out client-host.keytab /crypto all /ptype KRB5_NT_PRINCIPAL -desonly /mapuser AD\client$ +setupn +rndPass +setpass +answer

注:加证书只需要按照以上命令格式生成新的证书即可
实际操作

setspn -A GLUSTERGW02/authuser.cmdschool.org@CMDSCHOOL.ORG authuser
setspn -L authuser
ktpass /princ GLUSTERGW02/authuser.cmdschool.org@CMDSCHOOL.ORG /out authuser-GLUSTERGW02.keytab /crypto all /ptype KRB5_NT_PRINCIPAL -desonly /mapuser CMDSCHOOL\authuser +setupn +rndPass +setpass +answer

setspn -A GLUSTERGW01/authuser.cmdschool.org@CMDSCHOOL.ORG authuser
setspn -L authuser
ktpass /princ GLUSTERGW01/authuser.cmdschool.org@CMDSCHOOL.ORG /out authuser-GLUSTERGW01.keytab /crypto all /ptype KRB5_NT_PRINCIPAL -desonly /mapuser CMDSCHOOL\authuser +setupn +rndPass +setpass +answer

3.7.2 配置Kerberos客户端

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :
1)证书安装
将Kerberos服务器端生成的证书分别复制到名称对应的客户端的/root目录下并执行以下命令:

cp authuser-GLUSTERGW*.keytab /etc/krb5.keytab
chown root:root /etc/krb5.keytab
chmod 0600 /etc/krb5.keytab
restorecon /etc/krb5.keytab

2)安装Kerberos客户端rpm包

yum install -y krb5-workstation

3)编辑krb5配置文件

cp /etc/krb5.conf /etc/krb5.conf.default
echo "" > /etc/krb5.conf
vim /etc/krb5.conf

内容修改如下:

[logging]
default = FILE:/var/log/krb5libs.log
kdc = FILE:/var/log/krb5kdc.log
admin_server = FILE:/var/log/kadmind.log

[libdefaults]
default_realm = CMDSCHOOL.ORG
dns_lookup_realm = false
dns_lookup_kdc = false
ticket_lifetime = 24h
renew_lifetime = 7d
forwardable = true

[realms]
CMDSCHOOL.ORG = {
 kdc = rootad.cmdschool.org
 admin_server = rootad.cmdschool.org
}

DG.CMDSCHOOL.ORG = {
 kdc = dg.cmdschool.org:88
 admin_server = dg.cmdschool.org:749
}

[domain_realm]
.cmdschool.org = ROOTAD.CMDSCHOOL.ORG
cmdschool.org = ROOTAD.CMDSCHOOL.ORG

.dg.cmdschool.org = DG.CMDSCHOOL.ORG
dg.cmdschool.org = DG.CMDSCHOOL.ORG

4)测试证书是否生效

kdestroy
klist

可以看到如下提示:

klist: No credentials cache found (ticket cache FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0)

5)初始化krb5

kinit administrator@CMDSCHOOL.ORG

确认是否成功

klist

成功可以看到如下信息:

Ticket cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0
Default principal: administrator@CMDSCHOOL.ORG

Valid starting     Expires            Service principal
08/28/16 08:59:12  08/28/16 18:59:17  krbtgt/CMDSCHOOL.ORG@CMDSCHOOL.ORG
        renew until 09/04/16 08:59:12

3.7.3 加域并测试

1)增加加域信息
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.default
echo "" > /etc/samba/smb.conf
vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

修改如下信息:

[global]
        workgroup = CMDSCHOOL
        client signing = yes
        client use spnego = yes
        kerberos method = secrets and keytab

        log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
        max log size = 50

        password server = *
        allow trusted domains = yes
        realm = CMDSCHOOL.ORG
        security = ads

        idmap uid = 10000-19999
        idmap gid = 10000-19999
        idmap config CMDSCHOOL:backend = rid
        idmap config CMDSCHOOL:range = 10000000-19999999
        idmap config DG:backend = rid
        idmap config DG:range = 20000000-29999999

        winbind enum users = no
        winbind enum groups = no

2)测试配置文件
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

testparm

3)备份缓存信息
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

/etc/init.d/smb stop
/etc/init.d/winbind stop
tar -cvf /var/tmp/samba-cache-backup.tar /var/lib/samba
ls -l /var/tmp/samba-cache-backup.tar

4)清理缓存文件
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

rm -f /var/lib/samba/*

4)确认清理
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

kdestroy

正常显示如下或无输出:

kdestroy: No credentials cache found while destroying cache

运行

klist

正常显示如下:

klist: No credentials cache found (ticket cache FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0)

5)成员服务为加域
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

net ads join -U administrator

或者

net ads join -U administrator -S rootad.cmdschool.org

6)测试与域控的连接
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

net ads testjoin

正常显示如下:

Join is OK

net ads info

显示如下:

LDAP server: 10.168.0.154
LDAP server name: RootAD.cmdschool.org
Realm: CMDSCHOOL.ORG
Bind Path: dc=CMDSCHOOL,dc=ORG
LDAP port: 389
Server time: Sun, 28 Aug 2016 09:04:08 CST
KDC server: 10.168.0.154
Server time offset: 0

7)配置密码认证
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

vim /etc/nsswitch.conf

修改内容如下:

passwd: files winbind
group:  files winbind

8)初始化Kerberos连接
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

kinit administrator@CMDSCHOOL.ORG

9)启动winbind服务并配置服务自动启动
In Samba{1-2} :

/etc/init.d/winbind start
chkconfig winbind on

10)测试
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :
获取用户:

wbinfo -u
wbinfo -u --domain DG.CMDSCHOOL.ORG

显示如下:

CMDSCHOOL\administrator
CMDSCHOOL\guest
CMDSCHOOL\krbtgt
CMDSCHOOL\user1
CMDSCHOOL\user2
CMDSCHOOL\user3
CMDSCHOOL\authuser
CMDSCHOOL\dg$
DG\administrator
DG\guest
DG\krbtgt
DG\cmdschool$

获取组信息:

wbinfo -g
wbinfo -g --domain DG.CMDSCHOOL.ORG

显示如下:

CMDSCHOOL\domain computers
CMDSCHOOL\domain controllers
CMDSCHOOL\schema admins
CMDSCHOOL\enterprise admins
CMDSCHOOL\cert publishers
CMDSCHOOL\domain admins
CMDSCHOOL\domain users
CMDSCHOOL\domain guests
CMDSCHOOL\group policy creator owners
CMDSCHOOL\ras and ias servers
CMDSCHOOL\allowed rodc password replication group
CMDSCHOOL\denied rodc password replication group
CMDSCHOOL\read-only domain controllers
CMDSCHOOL\enterprise read-only domain controllers
CMDSCHOOL\dnsadmins
CMDSCHOOL\dnsupdateproxy
CMDSCHOOL\gp1
CMDSCHOOL\gp2
CMDSCHOOL\gps
DG\domain computers
DG\domain controllers
DG\domain admins
DG\domain users
DG\domain guests
DG\group policy creator owners
DG\read-only domain controllers
DG\dnsupdateproxy

11)单用户身份测试

id "CMDSCHOOL\administrator"
id "DG\administrator"

显示如下:

uid=10000500(CMDSCHOOL\administrator) gid=10000513(CMDSCHOOL\domain users) groups=10000513(CMDSCHOOL\domain users),10000500(CMDSCHOOL\administrator),10000572(CMDSCHOOL\denied rodc password replication group),10000518(CMDSCHOOL\schema admins),10000519(CMDSCHOOL\enterprise admins),10000512(CMDSCHOOL\domain admins),10000520(CMDSCHOOL\group policy creator owners)
uid=20000500(DG\administrator) gid=20000513(DG\domain users) groups=20000513(DG\domain users),20000500(DG\administrator),20000572(DG\denied rodc password replication group),20000512(DG\domain admins),20000520(DG\group policy creator owners)

12)显示所有域

wbinfo --all-domains

显示如下:

BUILTIN
GLUSTERGW01
CMDSCHOOL
DG

13)启动samba服务
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

/etc/init.d/smb start

3.7.4 挂载共享存储

1)安装客户端yum包
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

yum install -y glusterfs-fuse

2)手动挂载测试
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

mount -t glusterfs GlusterH01.cmdschool.org:/gv0 /mnt
mount
umount /mnt

3)自动挂载测试
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

mkdir /data

编辑挂载点:
In GlusterGW01 :

echo 'GlusterH01.cmdschool.org:/gv0 /data glusterfs defaults,acl 0 0' >> /etc/fstab

In GlusterGW02 :

echo 'GlusterH02.cmdschool.org:/gv0 /data glusterfs defaults,acl 0 0' >> /etc/fstab

4)尝试挂载
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

mount -a & mount

5)检查挂载
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

df -h

显示如下:

Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VG_OS-lv_root
                       18G  912M   16G   6% /
tmpfs                 1.5G     0  1.5G   0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1             488M   37M  426M   8% /boot
GlusterH01.cmdschool.org:/gv0
                      400G  5.0G  395G   2% /data

3.7.5 配置根据组授权的共享

目标:实现根据组授权的共享
优点:用户可以通过微软的ADMINPACK工具简单地修改组成员授予用户读写权限
缺点:用户无法自定修改文件的ACL授权
1)创建用户目录
In GlusterGW01 :

mkdir -p /data/share{1,2}

2)目录授权
In GlusterGW01 :

chmod 777 /data/share1
chmod 777 /data/share2

3)创建samba配置目录
In GlusterGW01 :

mkdir -p /data/samba.d/

注:本目录用于存储samba的配置文件,所有samba服务器到此加载共享配置,需严格备份此文件夹的配置
4)修改配置文件
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/share1.smb.conf

加入如下配置:

[share1]
       path = /data/share1
       valid users = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp1"
       write list = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp1"
       create mask = 666
       directory mask = 777

注:以上share1授权给gp1组(具有读写权限)
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/share2.smb.conf

加入如下配置:

 [share2]
       path = /data/share2
       valid users = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp2"
       write list = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp2"
       create mask = 666
       directory mask = 777

注: 以上share2授权给gp2组(具有读写权限)
4)引入配置samba配置
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

echo "include = /data/samba.d/share1.smb.conf" >> /etc/samba/smb.conf
echo "include = /data/samba.d/share2.smb.conf" >> /etc/samba/smb.conf

注:如果你想隐藏其他的共享,只显示当前加载的共享请使用如下配置

echo "config file = /data/samba.d/share1.smb.conf" >> /etc/samba/smb.conf
echo "config file = /data/samba.d/share2.smb.conf" >> /etc/samba/smb.conf

重启服务:

/etc/init.d/smb restart

3.7.6 配置文件ACL控制的共享

目标:实现根据文件ACL授权的共享
优点:用户可以通过编辑文件的ACL来定义员授予用户读写权限
缺点:由于权限是用户定义,管理上会增加运维人员工作量
1)创建用户目录
In GlusterGW01 :

mkdir -p /data/share3

2)目录授权

chmod 700 /data/share3

3)指定目录的管理员
In GlusterGW01 :

chown "CMDSCHOOL\user3": /data/share3/

4)修改配置文件
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/share3.smb.conf

加入如下配置:

[share3]
       path = /data/share3
       valid users = "@CMDSCHOOL\domain users"
       write list = "@CMDSCHOOL\domain users"
       create mask = 660
       directory mask = 770

5)引入配置samba配置并使配置生效
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

echo "include = /data/samba.d/share3.smb.conf" >> /etc/samba/smb.conf
/etc/init.d/smb restart

6)管理员成员授权

注:
1)亦可授权给组,根据具体情况定义
2)如果不支持,请参阅3.2.16的配置
从Linux系统底层可发现是通过文件的ACL实现的

3.7.7 配置用户私有的共享

目标:使用用户触发式自动配置满足用户私有目录的需求
1)创建脚本存放目录
In GlusterGW01 :

mkdir -p /data/samba.d/scripts

注:本目录用于存储samba的配置脚本文件,所有samba服务器到此加载,需严格备份此文件夹的配置
2)创建用户目录配置脚本
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/scripts/domain_add_user.sh

输入如下内容

#!/bin/bash
domain=$1
user=$2
rootdir="/data/$domain"
homedir="/data/$domain/$user"

if [ ! -d "$rootdir" ]; then
 /bin/mkdir -p "$rootdir"
 /bin/chmod 777 "$rootdir"
fi

if [ ! -d "$homedir" ]; then
 /bin/mkdir -p "$homedir"
 /bin/chown "$domain\\$user": "$homedir"
 /bin/chmod 700 "$homedir"
fi

3)授予脚本执行权限
In GlusterGW01 :

chmod 755 /data/samba.d/scripts/domain_add_user.sh

4)测试脚本
In GlusterGW01 :

/data/samba.d/scripts/domain_add_user.sh CMDSCHOOL user1
ls -l /data/

显示效果如下:

total 20
drwxrwxrwx  3 root            root                   4096 Aug 28  2016 CMDSCHOOL
drwxr-xr-x  3 root            root                   4096 Aug 28  2016 samba.d
drwxrwxrwx  2 root            root                   4096 Aug 28  2016 share1
drwxrwxrwx  2 root            root                   4096 Aug 28  2016 share2
drwxrwx---+ 2 CMDSCHOOL\user3 CMDSCHOOL\domain users 4096 Aug 28  2016 share3

清理用户文件夹:

rm -rf /data/CMDSCHOOL/*

注:由于“/data”目录下的文件夹只能由“root”用户创建,故不能删除“/data/CMDSCHOOL”文件夹
5)创建samba配置文件
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/homes.smb.conf

测试脚本

[homes]
        comment = Home Directories
        browseable = no
        valid users = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp2","@CMDSCHOOL\gp1"
        write list = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp2","@CMDSCHOOL\gp1"
        path = "/data/%D/%U"
        create mask = 600
        directory mask = 700
        preexec = /data/samba.d/scripts/domain_add_user.sh %D %U

[%D]
        valid users = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp2","@CMDSCHOOL\gp1"
        write list = "@CMDSCHOOL\gp2","@CMDSCHOOL\gp1"
        path = "/data/%D"
        create mask = 600
        directory mask = 700
        preexec = /data/samba.d/scripts/domain_add_user.sh %D %U

6)引入配置samba配置并使配置生效
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

echo "include = /data/samba.d/homes.smb.conf" >> /etc/samba/smb.conf
/etc/init.d/smb restart

3.7.8 配置复杂的共享

目标:实现共享的根下包含用户的各个组文件夹和用户私有文件夹
1)创建用户目录
In GlusterGW01 :

mkdir -p /data/share4
mkdir -p /data/share4/gp{1,2,s}

2)目录授权
In GlusterGW01 :
创建底层管理(排他)权限:

chown root:root /data/share4
chmod 700 /data/share4

允许特定的组访问读写执行

setfacl -m g:"CMDSCHOOL\gp1":rx /data/share4
setfacl -m g:"CMDSCHOOL\gp2":rx /data/share4

配置特定组文件夹访问权限

chown root:"CMDSCHOOL\gp1" /data/share4/gp1
chown root:"CMDSCHOOL\gp2" /data/share4/gp2
chown root:"CMDSCHOOL\gpS" /data/share4/gps
chmod 770 /data/share4/gp*

配置特定组文件夹组权限自动继承

chmod g+s /data/share4/gp*

3)修改配置文件
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/share4.smb.conf

加入如下配置:

[share4]
       path = /data/share4
       valid users = "@CMDSCHOOL\gps"
       write list = "@CMDSCHOOL\gps"
       create mask = 660
       directory mask = 770

6)引入配置samba配置并使配置生效
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

echo "include =  /data/samba.d/share4.smb.conf" >> /etc/samba/smb.conf
/etc/init.d/smb restart

3.7.9 增加windows的ACL支持

In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

[global]
...
nt acl support = yes

注:以上配置完成用户可自行在windows下编辑文件的acl
3.7.10 文件类型过滤
1)创建类型库
In GlusterGW01 :

mkdir -p /data/samba.d/veto_files_type

2)创建视频规律规则
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/veto_files_type/video.smb.conf

输入如下内容:

veto files = /*.264/*.3G2/*.3GP/*.3GP2/*.3GPP/*.3GPP2/*.3MM/*.3P2/*.60D/*.787/*.890/*.AAF/*.AEC/*.AEP/*.AEPX/*.AET/*.AETX/*.AJP/*.ALE/*.AM/*.AMC/*.AMV/*.AMX/*.ANIM/*.ANX/*.AQT/*.ARCUT/*.ARF/*.ASF/*.ASX/*.AVB/*.AVC/*.AVCHD/*.AVD/*.AVI/*.AVM/*.AVP/*.AVS/*.AVS/*.AVV/*.AWLIVE/*.AXM/*.AXV/*.BDM/*.BDMV/*.BDT2/*.BDT3/*.BIK/*.BIN/*.BIX/*.BMC/*.BMK/*.BNP/*.BOX/*.BS4/*.BSF/*.BU/*.BVR/*.BYU/*.CAMPROJ/*.CAMREC/*.CAMV/*.CED/*.CEL/*.CINE/*.CIP/*.CLK/*.CLPI/*.CMMP/*.CMMTPL/*.CMPROJ/*.CMREC/*.CMV/*.CPI/*.CPVC/*.CST/*.CVC/*.CX3/*.D2V/*.D3V/*.DASH/*.DAT/*.DAV/*.DB2/*.DCE/*.DCK/*.DCR/*.DCR/*.DDAT/*.DIF/*.DIR/*.DIVX/*.DLX/*.DMB/*.DMSD/*.DMSD3D/*.DMSM/*.DMSM3D/*.DMSS/*.DMX/*.DNC/*.DPA/*.DPG/*.DREAM/*.DSY/*.DV/*.DV-AVI/*.DV4/*.DVDMEDIA/*.DVR/*.DVR-MS/*.DVX/*.DXR/*.DZM/*.DZP/*.DZT/*.EDL/*.EVO/*.EVO/*.EXO/*.EYE/*.EYETV/*.EZT/*.F4F/*.F4P/*.F4V/*.FBR/*.FBR/*.FBZ/*.FCARCH/*.FCP/*.FCPROJECT/*.FFD/*.FFM/*.FLC/*.FLH/*.FLI/*.FLV/*.FLX/*.FPDX/*.FTC/*.G64/*.GCS/*.GFP/*.GIFV/*.GL/*.GOM/*.GRASP/*.GTS/*.GVI/*.GVP/*.GXF/*.H264/*.HDMOV/*.HDV/*.HKM/*.IFO/*.IMOVIELIBRARY/*.IMOVIEMOBILE/*.IMOVIEPROJ/*.IMOVIEPROJECT/*.INP/*.INT/*.IRCP/*.IRF/*.ISM/*.ISMC/*.ISMCLIP/*.ISMV/*.IVA/*.IVF/*.IVR/*.IVS/*.IZZ/*.IZZY/*.JMV/*.JSS/*.JTS/*.JTV/*.K3G/*.KDENLIVE/*.KMV/*.KTN/*.LREC/*.LRV/*.LSF/*.LSX/*.LVIX/*.M15/*.M1PG/*.M1V/*.M21/*.M21/*.M2A/*.M2P/*.M2T/*.M2TS/*.M2V/*.M4E/*.M4U/*.M4V/*.M75/*.MANI/*.META/*.MGV/*.MJ2/*.MJP/*.MJPEG/*.MJPG/*.MK3D/*.MKV/*.MMV/*.MNV/*.MOB/*.MOD/*.MODD/*.MOFF/*.MOI/*.MOOV/*.MOV/*.MOVIE/*.MP21/*.MP21/*.MP2V/*.MP4/*.MP4.INFOVID/*.MP4V/*.MPE/*.MPEG/*.MPEG1/*.MPEG2/*.MPEG4/*.MPF/*.MPG/*.MPG2/*.MPG4/*.MPGINDEX/*.MPL/*.MPL/*.MPLS/*.MPROJ/*.MPSUB/*.MPV/*.MPV2/*.MQV/*.MSDVD/*.MSE/*.MSH/*.MSWMM/*.MT2S/*.MTS/*.MTV/*.MVB/*.MVC/*.MVD/*.MVE/*.MVEX/*.MVP/*.MVP/*.MVY/*.MXF/*.MXV/*.MYS/*.NCOR/*.NSV/*.NTP/*.NUT/*.NUV/*.NVC/*.OGM/*.OGV/*.OGX/*.ORV/*.OSP/*.OTRKEY/*.PAC/*.PAR/*.PDS/*.PGI/*.PHOTOSHOW/*.PIV/*.PJS/*.PLAYLIST/*.PLPROJ/*.PMF/*.PMV/*.PNS/*.PPJ/*.PREL/*.PRO/*.PRO4DVD/*.PRO5DVD/*.PROQC/*.PRPROJ/*.PRTL/*.PSB/*.PSH/*.PSSD/*.PVA/*.PVR/*.PXV/*.QT/*.QTCH/*.QTINDEX/*.QTL/*.QTM/*.QTZ/*.R3D/*.RCD/*.RCPROJECT/*.RCREC/*.RCUT/*.RDB/*.REC/*.RM/*.RMD/*.RMD/*.RMP/*.RMS/*.RMV/*.RMVB/*.ROQ/*.RP/*.RSX/*.RTS/*.RTS/*.RUM/*.RV/*.RVID/*.RVL/*.SAN/*.SBK/*.SBT/*.SBZ/*.SCC/*.SCM/*.SCM/*.SCN/*.SCREENFLOW/*.SDV/*.SEC/*.SEC/*.SEDPRJ/*.SEQ/*.SFD/*.SFERA/*.SFVIDCAP/*.SIV/*.SMI/*.SMI/*.SMIL/*.SMK/*.SML/*.SMV/*.SNAGPROJ/*.SPL/*.SQZ/*.SRT/*.SSF/*.SSM/*.STL/*.STR/*.STX/*.SVI/*.SWF/*.SWI/*.SWT/*.TDA3MT/*.TDT/*.TDX/*.THEATER/*.THP/*.TID/*.TIVO/*.TIX/*.TOD/*.TP/*.TP0/*.TPD/*.TPR/*.TREC/*.TRP/*.TS/*.TSP/*.TTXT/*.TVLAYER/*.TVRECORDING/*.TVS/*.TVSHOW/*.USF/*.USM/*.VBC/*.VC1/*.VCPF/*.VCR/*.VCV/*.VDO/*.VDR/*.VDX/*.VEG/*.VEM/*.VEP/*.VF/*.VFT/*.VFW/*.VFZ/*.VGZ/*.VID/*.VIDEO/*.VIEWLET/*.VIV/*.VIVO/*.VIX/*.VLAB/*.VMLF/*.VMLT/*.VOB/*.VP3/*.VP6/*.VP7/*.VPJ/*.VRO/*.VS4/*.VSE/*.VSP/*.VTT/*.W32/*.WCP/*.WEBM/*.WFSP/*.WGI/*.WLMP/*.WM/*.WMD/*.WMMP/*.WMV/*.WMX/*.WOT/*.WP3/*.WPL/*.WSVE/*.WTV/*.WVE/*.WVX/*.WXP/*.XEJ/*.XEL/*.XESC/*.XFL/*.XLMV/*.XML/*.XMV/*.XVID/*.Y4M/*.YOG/*.YUV/*.ZEG/*.ZM1/*.ZM2/*.ZM3/*.ZMV/

3)创建音频规则
In GlusterGW01 :

vim /data/samba.d/veto_files_type/audio.smb.conf

输入如下内容:

veto files = /*.3GA/*.4MP/*.5XB/*.5XE/*.5XS/*.669/*.8SVX/*.A2B/*.A2I/*.A2M/*.A2P/*.A2T/*.A2W/*.AA/*.AA3/*.AAC/*.AAX/*.ABC/*.ABM/*.AC3/*.ACD/*.ACD-BAK/*.ACD-ZIP/*.ACM/*.ACT/*.ADG/*.ADT/*.ADTS/*.AFC/*.AGM/*.AGR/*.AHX/*.AIF/*.AIFC/*.AIFF/*.AIMPPL/*.AKP/*.ALAW/*.ALC/*.ALS/*.AMF/*.AMR/*.AMS/*.AMS/*.AMXD/*.AMZ/*.ANG/*.AOB/*.APE/*.APF/*.APL/*.ASD/*.AT3/*.AU/*.AU/*.AUD/*.AUP/*.AVASTSOUNDS/*.AXA/*.BAND/*.BAP/*.BDD/*.BIDULE/*.BMML/*.BNK/*.BRR/*.BUN/*.BWF/*.BWG/*.BWW/*.CAF/*.CAFF/*.CDA/*.CDDA/*.CDLX/*.CDO/*.CDR/*.CEL/*.CFA/*.CGRP/*.CIDB/*.CKB/*.CKF/*.CMF/*.CONFORM/*.COPY/*.CPR/*.CPT/*.CSH/*.CTS/*.CWB/*.CWP/*.CWS/*.CWT/*.DCF/*.DCM/*.DCT/*.DEWF/*.DF2/*.DFC/*.DFF/*.DIG/*.DIG/*.DJR/*.DLS/*.DM/*.DMC/*.DMF/*.DMSA/*.DMSE/*.DRA/*.DRG/*.DS2/*.DSF/*.DSM/*.DSS/*.DTM/*.DTS/*.DTSHD/*.DVF/*.DW/*.DWD/*.EFA/*.EFE/*.EFK/*.EFQ/*.EFS/*.EFV/*.EMD/*.EMP/*.EMX/*.EMY/*.EOP/*.ERB/*.ESPS/*.F2R/*.F32/*.F3R/*.F4A/*.F64/*.FAR/*.FDP/*.FEV/*.FLAC/*.FLM/*.FLP/*.FLP/*.FPA/*.FRG/*.FSB/*.FSC/*.FSM/*.FTI/*.FTM/*.FTM/*.FTMX/*.FUZ/*.FZF/*.FZV/*.G721/*.G723/*.G726/*.GBS/*.GIG/*.GMC/*.GP5/*.GPBANK/*.GPK/*.GPX/*.GROOVE/*.GSF/*.GSFLIB/*.GSM/*.GYM/*.H0/*.H3B/*.H3E/*.H4B/*.H4E/*.H5B/*.H5E/*.H5S/*.HBB/*.HBE/*.HBS/*.HDP/*.HMA/*.HPS/*.HSB/*.IAA/*.ICS/*.IFF/*.IGP/*.IMP/*.INS/*.INS/*.ISMA/*.IT/*.ITI/*.ITLS/*.JSPF/*.K26/*.KAR/*.KFN/*.KOZ/*.KOZ/*.KPL/*.KRZ/*.KSD/*.KSF/*.KT3/*.LA/*.LOGIC/*.LOGICX/*.LSO/*.LVP/*.LWV/*.M/*.M2/*.M3U/*.M3U8/*.M4A/*.M4B/*.M4P/*.M4R/*.MA1/*.MBR/*.MDC/*.MDR/*.MED/*.MGV/*.MID/*.MIDI/*.MINIGSF/*.MINIPSF/*.MINIPSF2/*.MINIUSF/*.MKA/*.MMF/*.MMLP/*.MMM/*.MMP/*.MMP/*.MMPZ/*.MO3/*.MOD/*.MOGG/*.MP2/*.MP3/*.MP_/*.MPA/*.MPC/*.MPDP/*.MPGA/*.MPU/*.MSCX/*.MSCZ/*.MSV/*.MTE/*.MTF/*.MTI/*.MTM/*.MTP/*.MTS/*.MU3/*.MUI/*.MUS/*.MUS/*.MUS/*.MUSX/*.MUX/*.MUX/*.MX3/*.MX4/*.MX5/*.MX5TEMPLATE/*.MXL/*.MXMF/*.MYR/*.NARRATIVE/*.NBS/*.NCW/*.NKB/*.NKC/*.NKI/*.NKM/*.NKS/*.NKX/*.NML/*.NMSV/*.NOTE/*.NRA/*.NRT/*.NSA/*.NST/*.NTN/*.NWC/*.OBW/*.ODM/*.OGA/*.OGG/*.OKT/*.OMA/*.OMF/*.OMG/*.OMX/*.OPUS/*.OTS/*.OVE/*.OVW/*.PANDORA/*.PCA/*.PCAST/*.PCG/*.PCM/*.PEAK/*.PEK/*.PJUNOXL/*.PK/*.PKF/*.PLA/*.PLS/*.PLST/*.PLY/*.PNA/*.PPC/*.PSF/*.PSF1/*.PSF2/*.PSM/*.PTCOP/*.PTF/*.PTM/*.PTS/*.PTT/*.PTX/*.PTXT/*.PVC/*.Q1/*.Q2/*.QCP/*.R1M/*.RA/*.RAD/*.RAM/*.RAX/*.RBS/*.REX/*.RFL/*.RGRP/*.RIP/*.RMI/*.RMJ/*.RMX/*.RNG/*.RNS/*.ROL/*.RSF/*.RSN/*.RSO/*.RTA/*.RTI/*.RX2/*.S3I/*.S3M/*.SAF/*.SAP/*.SBG/*.SBI/*.SC2/*.SCS11/*.SD/*.SD/*.SD2/*.SDAT/*.SDS/*.SEQ/*.SES/*.SESX/*.SF2/*.SFK/*.SFL/*.SFPACK/*.SFZ/*.SGP/*.SHN/*.SIB/*.SLP/*.SLX/*.SMA/*.SMF/*.SMP/*.SMP/*.SMPX/*.SND/*.SND/*.SNG/*.SNG/*.SNS/*.SOU/*.SPH/*.SPPACK/*.SPRG/*.SSEQ/*.SSEQ/*.SSM/*.SSND/*.STAP/*.STM/*.STX/*.STY/*.SVD/*.SVQ/*.SVX/*.SWA/*.SXT/*.SYH/*.SYN/*.SYW/*.SYX/*.TAK/*.TD0/*.TG/*.THX/*.TOC/*.TRAK/*.TSP/*.TTA/*.TXW/*.U/*.UAX/*.UB/*.ULT/*.UNI/*.USF/*.USFLIB/*.UST/*.UW/*.UWF/*.V2M/*.VAG/*.VAP/*.VC3/*.VCE/*.VIP/*.VLC/*.VMD/*.VMF/*.VMO/*.VOC/*.VOX/*.VOXAL/*.VPL/*.VPM/*.VPW/*.VQF/*.VRF/*.VSQ/*.VSQX/*.VTX/*.VYF/*.W01/*.W64/*.WAV/*.WAV/*.WAVE/*.WAX/*.WEM/*.WFB/*.WFD/*.WFM/*.WFP/*.WMA/*.WOW/*.WPK/*.WPP/*.WPROJ/*.WRK/*.WUS/*.WUT/*.WV/*.WVC/*.WVE/*.WWU/*.XA/*.XA/*.XBMML/*.XFS/*.XM/*.XMI/*.XMS/*.XMU/*.XPF/*.XRNS/*.XSP/*.XSPF/*.YOOKOO/*.ZGR/*.ZPL/*.ZVD/

4)导入过滤规则
In GlusterGW0{1-2} :

vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

修改配置如下:

[global]
...
include = /data/samba.d/veto_files_type/video.smb.conf
include = /data/samba.d/veto_files_type/audio.smb.conf

重启服务是配置生效

/etc/init.d/smb restart

5)其他文类型请参阅
http://fileinfo.com/browse/
—————————————————————-
参阅文档
—————————————————————-
官方文档
———-
用户文档:
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Main_Page
企业samba的安装包:
https://samba.plus/older-packages/
https://samba.plus/samba-3/red-hats-rhel/
http://ftp.sernet.de/pub/samba/3.4/rhel/6/x86_64/
Samba+的源
https://portal.enterprisesamba.com/

官方配置文档:
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/User_Documentation
配置samba成为域成员:
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Setup_Samba_as_an_AD_Domain_Member
https://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-Guide/unixclients.html
配置一个sambaAD域控制器:
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Setup_a_Samba_Active_Directory_Domain_Controller
加一个额外的DC到现有的活动目录:
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Join_an_additional_Samba_DC_to_an_existing_Active_Directory
本地samba数据库信息:
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Frequently_Asked_Questions

红帽的资料:
https://access.redhat.com/sites/default/files/attachments/rhel-ad-integration-deployment-guidelines-v1.5.pdf

winbind的离线登录
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/PAM_Offline_Authentication

———–
非官方文档
———–
理论文章:
http://www.tuicool.com/articles/ie6fue
samba的搭建:
http://www.toxingwang.com/linux-unix/linux-admin/584.html
http://wenku.baidu.com/link?url=l740EpqsM_JxQh0U7IjlCtZ07IPs-0bBBK7UO7D6O_sfVi4Ps8DnZ5UzejGTETTENlXzjSjMAC0DmvNH1P0Gy2CvGGxCJO907V2zGYMAyfa
samba的权限控制:
http://os.51cto.com/art/201101/243960.htm
AD用户数量统计:
http://jankie.blog.51cto.com/6640/104269

——–
samba 集群
———–
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Clustered_Samba
http://www.tuicool.com/articles/rYJBZb
https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/CTDB_Setup#Critical_smb.conf_parameters

kerberos
http://blog.csdn.net/wulantian/article/details/42418231
http://www.cnblogs.com/artech/archive/2011/01/24/kerberos.html
http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_716c1cc8010119ne.html
http://blog.scottlowe.org/2007/07/09/uac-and-ktpassexe/
http://www.tuicool.com/articles/ie6fue

常见的Krb5错误消息:
http://joshuasabrina.iteye.com/blog/1895281

IBM的文章
http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cn/linux/l-lpic3-313-3/

smb.conf的配置
https://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/manpages-3/smb.conf.5.html

SSSD
https://fedorahosted.org/sssd/
https://fedorahosted.org/sssd/wiki/Configuring_sssd_with_ad_server

SETSPN.exe命令的用法
http://blog.csdn.net/wzhwho/article/details/6169624

Windows SID的修改
http://www.youranshare.com/push/topics/softuse/502.html

您好,我想麻烦下您,您能把每一个节Node的IP详细说明一下麽?第一个IP:10.168.0.154我都没看明白 谢谢

1. 简单地讲,10.168.0.154是个NAT服务器(即被配置的机器同步该服务器的时间),如果你服务器可以连接网络,建议你直接使用官方的,即“0.rhel.pool.ntp.org”等,如果你不明白可以参考CentOS的NTP服务器的搭建。
2. 其他node的ip架构图里面都有

好的 谢谢您了 我再研究研究吧 还有 想请教一下您 Samba服务怎麽和Openssl结合起来实现安全传输呢 意即Samba服务器的安全问题

Samba使用的是smb协议,他应该不会使用openSSL来实现安全传输,如果你需要安全传输,建议使用vpn,开源项目直接使用openVPN即可。

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